Swelling

What is a Podiatrist?

When to Call A Doctor


Foot Problems
General Statistics


Achilles Problems
Achilles Tendonitis | Peroneal Tendon DislocationXanthomas of the Achilles Tendon


Ankle Problems
Ankle Sprain | Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain | Osteochondritis


Arch and Ball Problems
Flat Feet | Metatarsalgia | Plantar Fibromas | Sesamoiditis


Common Foot Injuries
Ankle Sprain Injuries | Broken Ankle | Fractures | Osteochondritis | Osteochondromas | Shin Splints | Sports Injuries


Deformities
Amniotic Band Syndrome | Bunions | Claw Toe | Clubfoot Dysplasia |  Flat Feet | Gordon Syndrome | Haglunds Deformity | Hallux Limitus | Hallux Rigidus | Hallux Varus | Hammertoes | Jackson Weiss Syndrome | Mallet Toes | Metatarsalgia | Osteomyelitis | Overlapping or Underlapping Toes | Peroneal Tendon Dislocation | Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction | Sesamoiditis | Spurs | Tarsal Coalition

Diabetes and Your Feet

Diseases of the Foot
Arthritis | Cancer | Charcot Foot | Freiberg's Disease | Gout | Kaposi's Sarcoma | Kohler's Disease | Maffucci's Syndrome | Ollier's Disease | Raynaud's Disease | Severs Disease


Fungus Problems
Common Fungal Problems | Athletes Foot | Fungal Nails | Other Tips | Prevention


Heel Problems
Haglunds Deformity | Heel Callus | Heel Fissures | Plantar Fasciitis


Nail Problems
Black Toenails | Ingrown Toenails | Nail Fungus


Skin Problems
Allergies | Athletes Foot | Blisters | Burning Feet | Calluses | Corns | Cysts | Frostbite | Fungus | Gangrene | Lesions | Psoriasis | Smelly Feet and Foot Odor | Swelling | Ulcers | Warts


Toe Problems
Bunions | Claw Toe | Digital Deformity | Hallux Limitus | Hallux Rigidis | Hallux Varus | Hammertoes | Intoeing | Overlapping or Underlapping Toes | Subungal Exotosis | Turf Toe


Vascular/Nerve Problems
Acrocyanosis | Alcoholic Neuropathy | Chilblains (Cold Feet) | Erythromelalgia | Ischemic Foot | Neuroma | Spasms | Venous Stasis


Overview of Feet and Ankle Problems

Basic Foot Care Guidelines

 

Medical Care
Diagnostic Procedures

Computed Tomography | MRI | Ultrasound | X-Rays


Orthotics


Pain Management
General Information and Tips | Pain Management for Specific Conditions


Surgical Procedures
General Information | Achilles Surgery | Ankle Surgery | Arthritis Surgery | Arthroscopy | Bunion Surgery | Cyst Removal | Flatfoot Correction | Heel Surgery | Metatarsal Surgery | Nerve Surgery | Toe Surgery


Therapies
Athlete's Foot Treatment | Cryotherapy | Extracorporeal Shock Wave | Fungal Nail Treatment | Physical Therapy | Iontophoresis | Neurolysis


Fitness and Your Feet
Exercise Those Toes | Aerobics | Fitness and Your Feet | Stretching | Walking and Your Feet | Jogging and Running


Sports and Your Feet
Baseball | Basketball | Cycling | Golf | Jogging and Running | Tennis


Foot Care
Basic Foot Care Guidelines | Athletic Foot Care | Blisters | Childrens Feet | Corns and Calluses | Diabetic Foot Care | Foot Care for Seniors | Foot Self Exam | Pedicures | Your Feet at Work | Bunion Prevention | Burning Feet | Ingrown Nails | Nutrition For Your Feet


Women's Feet
High Heels | Stockings? | Pregnancy | Women Over 65


Foot Odor and Smelly Feet
Prevention | Treating Foot Odor


Shoes
Facts About Shoes | Anatomy of a Shoe | Athletic Shoe Guidelines | Children's Shoes | Corrective and Prescription Shoes | What to Look For |  Men's Shoes | Women's Shoes | Your Footprint | Wear Patterns


Links
Associations/Groups | Government |  Online Resources

 

 

Swelling of the feet, ankles and legs, also known as edema, is often caused by an abnormal build-up of fluids in ankle and leg tissues. Painless swelling of the feet and ankles is a common problem, particularly in older people. It may affect both legs, including the calves and/or thighs. Because of gravity, swelling is particularly noticeable in the lower legs. Swelling in the legs and feet may also be a symptom of other, more serious health issues, such as heart failure, renal failure, or liver failure.

Common causes of foot, ankle, and leg edema include:

  • Blood pressure-lowering drugs.
  • Body fluid overload.
  • Burns.
  • Certain antidepressants.
  • Congestive heart failure.
  • Diagnostic tests.
  • Environment.
  • Estrogens and progestin oral contraceptives.
  • Extremity surgery.
  • Generalized allergy.
  • Glomerulonephritis or other kinds of kidney disorders.
  • Infiltration of an intravenous site.
  • Injury or trauma to the ankle or foot.
  • Insect bite or sting.
  • Long airplane flights or automobile rides.
  • Long-term corticosteroid therapy.
  • Medical treatments.
  • Medications.
  • Menstrual periods (for some women).
  • Pregnancy (mild to severe swelling).
  • Prolonged standing.
  • Starvation or malnutrition.
  • Sunburn.
  • Testosterone.
  • Venogram.
  • Venous insufficiency (varicose veins).

You can mitigate swelling by elevating your legs above the heart while lying down. Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. Avoid putting anything directly under the knees when lying down, and don't wear constricting clothing or garters on the upper legs.

Exercising the legs causes the fluid to work back into the veins and lymphatic channels so that the swelling goes down. Mild pressure applied by elastic bandages or support stockings can help reduce ankle swelling. A low-salt diet may also help reduce fluid retention and decrease the ankle swelling.