Most people know that diabetes has to do with problematic insulin levels, but when it comes to identifying the difference between type 1 and type 2, there is much confusion between the two. So we’ve put together some of the main differences:
Type 1 Diabetes
- Out of every 100 diabetics, 5 to 10 have Type 1 diabetes.
- Usually start seeing symptoms in childhood or young adult years.
- How it works: The body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin. The result is eventual loss of insulin production in the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb sugar (glucose), which they need to produce energy.
- This type of diabetes cannot be prevented.
Type 2 Diabetes
- Out of every 100 diabetics, 90-95 have Type 2 diabetes.
- Start seeing symptoms at any age (most common during adulthood).
- How it works: The body isn't able to use insulin the right way (insulin resistance). As it progresses the pancreas creates less and less insulin resulting in insulin deficiency.
- This type of diabetes can be delayed or even prevented with the necessary steps to a healthy lifestyle including weight management, exercising, eating the right foods, etc.