Posts for: November, 2015
Most people know that diabetes has to do with problematic insulin levels, but when it comes to identifying the difference between type 1 and type 2, there is much confusion between the two. So we’ve put together some of the main differences:
Type 1 Diabetes
- Out of every 100 diabetics, 5 to 10 have Type 1 diabetes.
- Usually start seeing symptoms in childhood or young adult years.
- How it works: The body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin. The result is eventual loss of insulin production in the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb sugar (glucose), which they need to produce energy.
- This type of diabetes cannot be prevented.
Type 2 Diabetes
- Out of every 100 diabetics, 90-95 have Type 2 diabetes.
- Start seeing symptoms at any age (most common during adulthood).
- How it works: The body isn't able to use insulin the right way (insulin resistance). As it progresses the pancreas creates less and less insulin resulting in insulin deficiency.
- This type of diabetes can be delayed or even prevented with the necessary steps to a healthy lifestyle including weight management, exercising, eating the right foods, etc.
Myth: Diabetes is not a serious disease.
Truth: Diabetes causes more deaths than both AIDS and breast cancer put together, according the American Diabetes Association. Your risk for a heart attack is nearly doubled with diabetes. The good news is there are ways to prevent and control your diabetes.
Myth: The cause of diabetes is eating too much sugar.
Truth: According to experts, “Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger the onset of the disease; type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight does increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and a diet high in calories from any source contributes to weight gain.” (Diabetes.org)
Myth: Diabetics need a special diet.
Truth: A healthy diet with a balance of complex carbohydrates, lean protein, and lots of veggies can benefit everyone, even those with diabetes.
Myth: If you are overweight you will eventually develop (Type 2) Diabetes.
Truth: Most overweight people will never develop diabetes, and many people with type 2 diabetes are at a normal weight or only slightly overweight. Being overweight is a risk factor, but there are many factors like age, heredity, and ethnicity that also play a huge role. (diabetes.org)
Myth: Diabetes can be cured.
Truth: Right now, there is no “cure”. Once diagnosed, the diabetes needs to be monitored and controlled with change in diet, exercise, and medication.
It is important for people with diabetes to be aware of the risks and complications that come with diabetes, especially in regards to the health of your feet. If you or a family member has diabetes and does not get your feet regularly checked by a health professional, then we encourage you to come in and get a foot screening and speak to one of our doctors!
American veterans have met our foreign enemies head-on for years, unfortunately there is another enemy that has been attacking them right here at home; an enemy named diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, right now, 5.5 Million Veterans receive VA (Veteran’s Health Administration) health care services. Out of those 5.5 million veterans, every 1 out of 4 has diabetes. Since November is Diabetes Awareness Month, it is important to get educated about diabetes and what can be done about it.
Diabetics are prone to various foot problems and so it is important to take the necessary steps for foot care. Here are the basics about diabetes and how, with proper care and maintenance, it can be successfully managed.
- Eat a healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Regular self-monitoring and medical care to control blood sugar.
- Refrain from tobacco use.
- Get a yearly foot check.
- Do NOT try to cut your own corns and calluses.
- Minor cuts, scratches, and abrasions can turn into an infection. Do not self- treat.
- Wash feet daily and dry thoroughly.
- Carefully inspect your feet on a regular basis.
Thank you to all who have served our country and Happy Veteran’s Day!
The month of November is National Diabetes Awareness Month. Diabetes is a disease that affects almost 26 million people all over the Unites States. It is important for those suffering from diabetes, as well as those who haven’t yet been diagnosed, to know the risks and complications that come with diabetes and to be aware to avoid any serious problems.
What does diabetes have to do with feet?
There are many foot problems that can accompany diabetes, some can be quick and severe, while others can be slow and make you susceptible to things like peripheral arterial disease or amputations.
Here are some common problems associated with diabetes:
Neuropathy: Nerve damage resulting in loss of feeling in the legs that can also be accompanied by pain.
Skin Changes: Dry feet resulting from losing control of nerves that affect oil and moisture.
Foot Ulcers: Ulcers occur most often on the ball of the foot or on the bottom of the big toe. If neglected, infections may occur which can lead to amputations. It is important to get ulcers checked and treated in the beginning stages.
Poor Circulation: Your foot is more susceptible to infections and it may be harder to heal with poor circulation. Smoking worsens circulation but exercise helps it!
How can DMFA help?
Here at DM Foot & Ankle, we offer comprehensive and healthy foot treatments for the different complications that may occur with diabetes. We schedule annual foot examinations, in which we observe and treat overall health of patient’s skin, circulation, nerves, and foot structure. For neuropathic feet, we cut toenails safely and take care of calluses, which can ulcerate if they’re left untreated.
In terms of foot protection, we have several different lines of Medicare- approved diabetic shoes that help protect the feet with extra thickness in the soles. We offer all of these services and many more! Make sure to call our office with any questions or to schedule a yearly foot exam if you are having problems like the ones mentioned above. It’s time to help raise awareness of diabetes!